Global stock markets have lost some of their lustre in recent months. Growth stocks were hit first, amid concerns over interest rate hikes to combat rising inflation. This was followed by a more widespread fall in stocks due to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. As a result, ISA investors may be tempted to delay investments over fears of another stock market crash.
Hannah Horvath from Business Insider comments that “Watching your stock portfolio plummet can be scary, but don’t panic during bear markets.” So, let’s take a look at the simple steps you can take to protect your ISA against stock market downturns.
Five tips for bullet-proofing your ISA
1. Invest in different asset classes
I confess that I’m guilty of putting all of my ISA eggs in the equities’ basket. It’s delivered strong gains in bull markets, but it’s a high-risk approach in falling markets.
I’ve compared the highest-returning asset classes after four stock market crashes, based on annual returns data from Business Insider.
Stock market event
Date of crash
Top three asset classes by returns
Gold (22%), US bonds (5%), international bonds (3%)*
Global financial crisis
International bonds (6%), gold (5%), US bonds (5%)
REITs (22%), US bonds (8%), international bonds (5%)
International development stocks (68%), gold (19%), emerging market stocks (9%)
*to October 2020
This illustrates how non-equity assets such as gold, bonds and cash, act as safe havens in market downturns and provide a natural hedge against equities.
Thankfully, there are a number of ways to invest in these assets for your ISA, so you don’t have to worry about storing gold bars under your bed:
According to Citywire, the Primary Health Properties Trust is the most widely-held property fund by multi-managers. It’s delivered a five-year return of 75%.
The LF Ruffer Gold fund is one of the top-performing gold-based funds, with Trustnet reporting a five-year return of 88%. Or, alternatively, the iShares S&P/TSX Global Gold Index ETF achieved a five-year return of 60%.
Both the Schroder Sterling Corporate Bond and Allianz Strategic Bond funds have delivered five-year returns of 30%.
2. Diversify your equity investments
Legendary investor Warren Buffett once said, “Diversification is a protection against ignorance.” On the basis that most of us fall into this investor category, diversification is a good tool to reduce risk in your ISA.
Diversification can also improve returns. Blackrock Investment Management compared the returns from the S&P 500 Index to a diversified portfolio. While the S&P Index achieved higher returns in rising markets, it also decreased by a greater margin in falling markets. As a result, the diversified portfolio returned 166%, which was higher than the 147% for the S&P Index.
Compared to individual stocks, investing in funds, investment trusts and ETFs diversifies your ISA portfolio. But it’s also worthwhile spreading your portfolio across different regions and sectors. According to Blackrock, the commodities sector achieved the highest return of 39% in 2021. Whereas it was Chinese equities and US equities that gave the highest returns in 2020 and 2019, respectively.
3. Consider cautious investments to limit downside
Guy Monson, chief investment officer at Sarasin & Partners, comments that “when it comes to equity selection in 2022, fortune may well favour the cautious.”
Increasing the proportion of cautious funds may help to protect your ISA against falling markets. There are two main types:
Absolute return funds aim to make positive returns whatever the market conditions. Both Man GLG Alpha Select Alternative and BlackRock European Absolute Alpha have managed to achieve positive returns in each of the last five years.
Total return funds (or ‘mixed investment’ funds) aim to smooth returns by making some gains in rising markets but shelter capital in falling markets. In the most cautious 0%-35% shares category, Trustnet reports that the Royal London Sustainable Managed Growth Trust has achieved the highest five-year return of 25%, while limiting annual losses to 1%.
4. Keep investing in your ISA
Capital Group comments that “emotional investing can be hazardous”, when the “natural instinct is to flee the market when it starts to plummet”.
The group warns that “Investors who sit on the sidelines risk losing out on periods of meaningful price appreciation that follow downturns.” They point out that, since 1929, every S&P 500 decline of more than 15% has been followed by a 55% return in the following year.
For the brave, falling prices can reduce the average in-cost of your ISA investments. And investing over a long period also protects against stock market volatility.
5. Pick a low-cost ISA provider
Whatever the market conditions, fees can make a serious dent in the value of your ISA.
For example, if I invest a lump sum of £100,000 and achieve an annual growth rate of 8% for 20 years, paying a 0.25% fee leaves me with an ISA pot of £443,000, compared to £381,000 for a fee of 1.0%.
It may seem a small difference, but the higher fee has eroded the value of my ISA by over £60,000. To help you compare the different fee structures, our experts have compiled a list of our top-rated ISA providers.
The post Five ways to bullet-proof your ISA against falling markets appeared first on The Motley Fool UK.
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